Men Cause More Climate Emissions Than Women, Study Finds | Greenhouse gas emissions
Men’s spending on goods causes 16% more global warming emissions than women’s, despite a very similar amount of money, according to a study.
The biggest difference was men’s spending on gasoline and diesel for their cars. Gender differences in emissions have been little studied, the researchers said, and should be recognized in action to defeat the climate crisis.
The analysis compared single men and women in Sweden and found that food and vacations were responsible for more than half of all shows for men and women. Scientists found that swapping meat and dairy for plant-based foods and taking vacations by train, rather than using planes or cars, cut people’s emissions by 40%.
“We believe it is important to take into account the difference between men and women in policy making,” said Annika Carlsson Kanyama, of the research company Ecoloop in Sweden, who led the study.
“The way they spend is very stereotypical: women spend more money on home decoration, health and clothes and men spend more money on fuel for cars, restaurants, alcohol. and tobacco. “
The research, published in the Journal for Industrial Ecology, did not include fuel for work vehicles such as taxis or plumbers’ vans. Previous research found that in families with one car, men used it more often to go to work with women more likely to use public transportation.
Holidays accounted for about a third of emissions, for both men and women. “It’s a lot more than I expected,” Carlsson Kanyama said. They used data for unattached individuals because figures for people living with families were not available.
Food and vacation changes to reduce personal emissions were chosen because they don’t require additional expenses, such as buying an electric car. “These are substantial changes of course, but at least you don’t need to find yourself another job or borrow money from the bank,” she said. “So it’s something close at hand here and now. You just use the same money you have and buy something else.
A 2017 study found that the biggest impact people can have in tackling climate change is having one less child, followed by not using a car and avoiding flying.
Studies in 2010 and 2012 showed that men spent more energy and ate more meat than women, two factors behind high emissions. But Carlsson Kanyama said, “I’m surprised more studies haven’t been done on gender differences in environmental impact. There are some pretty clear differences and they are not expected to go away in the near future. “
The EU’s green deal was criticized last week for not including the intersection between gender and the environment.
“The climate crisis is one of the main challenges of our time and affects men and women quite differently,” said Leonore Gewessler, Austrian Minister for Climate. “For example, the majority of people affected by fuel poverty are women. It is therefore crucial to take gender differences into the equation, if we are to develop solutions and a transformation that work for everyone. “
“The policies of the European Green Deal are gender blind at best and at worst deepen gender inequalities,” said Nadège Lharaig, of the European Environment Bureau, who released a report on Friday – Why the European Green Deal needs ecofeminism -.
Spending data in the analysis was from 2012, the latest available. Carlsson Kanyama said he was unlikely to have changed enough today to alter the overall findings.